Geographic Facts

Geographic Facts
Armenia
Mountainous country situated at the crossroads of Europe and Asia.

At the Crossroad of Asia and Europe

​Armenia is a mountainous country in the South Caucasus, that lies at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, the post-Soviet bloc and Persia, and the Middle East. Today, the country spans 29,743 square kilometers (11,484 square miles). It is bordered by Georgia to the north, Iran to the south, Azerbaijan to the east and Turkey to the west.

 

Nature and Climate

​Approximately half of Armenia is mountainous and arid and one third is pasture and arable land. Armenia consists of seven different climate zones, making it eco-friendly to many various animal life and vegetation. Ten percent of the country is protected forestland, falling under national park or state reserve designation.

Over half of the country is above 2,000 meters (6,562 ft.) above sea level, with 97% at an elevation of over 650 meters (2,133 ft.) – the highest point being the north peak of Mount Aragats at 4,090 meters (13,419 ft.) – and no point is below 390 meters (1,280 ft.). Lake Sevan, situated in the Gegharkunik Province in the east, is one of the world’s largest high-altitude lakes.​